Are you a US importer who is interested in direct filing your customs entries (and ISFs) but don’t know where to start? Here are some helpful FAQs that provide general guidance on self-filing with an approved ABI software provider such as CustomsNow:
What are the benefits of direct filing?
Direct filers can save up to 90% off the filing fees charged by third-party providers. In addition, self-filers enjoy improved compliance rates and increased supply chain control and visibility. (See our brochure, “Why Direct File?”). Moreover, importers can gain operational efficiencies — by integrating the systems that store trade data (e.g., GTM, ERP) with an ABI software solution, the entry process can be highly automated.
Do I need to be licensed by US Customs?
No. According to the Customs regulations, an importer may file entries, for their own benefit, without a license. (The same holds true for self-filing ISFs).
Do I need to have a broker on staff?
A licensed broker on staff is not required by CBP. However, to ensure a successful and highly compliant direct filing program, it is important to have a well-trained, experienced and knowledgeable staff with proper employee oversight.
What type of entries can I direct file?
As an importer of record, you are legally able to file any and all types of entries with US Customs. That includes air, ocean, truck and rail and even hand-carried shipments, however, the specific processes required for the different modes of transportation may vary. Each importer should factor in their unique supply chain business requirements when determining which entries should be direct filed and which are best left with a broker.
Will I need additional resources to file my own entries?
Your current compliance process should be thoroughly reviewed to understand future staffing needs under direct filing. Questions such as “How much time does my staff currently spend on broker oversight, problem resolution and manual audits?” should be answered. We’ve found that most average sized importers have enough resources on staff to implement the initial direct filing process. However, as savings are generated and the program expands further, additional staffing may be necessary.
How does the duty payment process work?
The importer must be set up with CBP to pay their duties via the ABI system through ACH (Automated Clearing House). This requires submission of a simple application form to CBP’s finance department, which takes about 10 days to process.
How long does it take to get started?
For entries, from start to finish the process can take anywhere from 8-10 weeks. It takes approximately 6 weeks to receive a filer code from CBP, during which time the system can be set up and some training conducted. (If the importer already has a filer code, this speeds up the process). Once the filer code is received, and a Customs’ ABI Client Representative is assigned to your account, allow an additional week or two for entry training and CBP testing to be completed and reviewed. Once the testing has been completed sufficiently, the go-ahead to direct file is given from Customs. For ISFs, the process is much shorter — just a matter of days until you can self-file.